Book

pages 540

The purpose of this text is to examine the assimilation and metabolism of carbon and nitrogen in plants. These processes are dealt with in an integrative fashion assessing the physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of each topic being discussed.


Biochemistry (Supplement Chapters 32-34)

by Jeremy M. Berg [2002]

Book

pages 1092

With new co-authors Jeremy Berg and John Tymoczko, "Biochemistry" 5th edition has expanded integration of evolution, more chemical and structural insights, and a web based media component created simultaneously with the text


Harper’s Review of Biochemistry 18th Edition

by Harold Anthony Harper, Peter A. Mayes, David W. Martin, Victor W. Rodwell [1981]

Book

pages 636

This scientific presentation on body chemistry is a highly sophisticated review of aspects of chemistry fundamental to the study of biology and medicine. There continues to be significant contributions to this field every year, thus accounting for the continued number of editions for this book. This book has everything a person needs to know about their internal biology as regards to its chemistry


Biochemistry (4th edition)

by Lubert Stryer [1995]

Book

pages 1108

With a balance of topic coverage and depth this updated fourth edition covers the subject of biochemistry, and reflects the advances made in this field since the third edition published in 1988. These advances are incorporated without loss of historical perspective and without obscuring the main goal of the text: to teach the enduring fundamentals of the discipline. Included in the fourth edition is a completely reorganized part one introducing the flow of information from gene to protein. It emphasizes the growing interrelatedness of molecular biology and biochemistry, and acquaints one with experimental methods of both disciplines. Also included is 150 new problems and a wealth of new material on molecular genetics and cellular processes


Artificial Chemistries

by Banzhaf, Wolfgang, Yamamoto, Lidia

eBook

pages unknown

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of the emerging field of Artificial Chemistries, covering both theory and practical applications.The field of Artificial Life (ALife) is now firmly established in the scientific world, but it has yet to achieve one of its original goals: an understanding of the emergence of life on Earth. The new field of Artificial Chemistries draws from chemistry, biology, computer science, mathematics, and other disciplines to work toward that goal. For if, as it has been argued, life emerged from primitive, prebiotic forms of self-organization, then studying models of chemical reaction systems could bring ALife closer to understanding the origins of life. In Artificial Chemistries (ACs), the emphasis is on creating new interactions rather than new materials. The results can be found both in the virtual world, in certain multiagent systems, and in the physical world, in new (artificial) reaction systems. This book offers an introduction to the fundamental concepts of ACs, covering both theory and practical applications.After a general overview of the field and its methodology, the book reviews important aspects of biology, including basic mechanisms of evolution; discusses examples of ACs drawn from the literature; considers fundamental questions of how order can emerge, emphasizing the concept of chemical organization (a closed and self-maintaining set of chemicals); and surveys a range of applications, which include computing, systems modeling in biology, and synthetic life. An appendix provides a Python toolkit for implementing ACs.


eBook

pages unknown

The first two chapters of this invaluable book trace the developments of the chemistry and macromolecular structures, respectively, of proteins and nuclei acids. Similarly, the introductions to the succeeding chapters review, step by step, the historical landmarks in the topics covered. These include discoveries of biological phosphate esters, nucleotides and nucleotide coenzymes (important in intermediary metabolism), the nature of the genetic material and biological synthesis of proteins, formulation of the problem of the genetic code, and perspectives on bioenergetics.The selected papers illustrate the developments of the chemical synthesis of nucleotides and nucleotide coenzymes of ribo- and deoxy-ribo-polynucleotides (RNA, DNA), of the total synthesis of genes in the laboratory, and principles for gene amplification (PCR). Another major section covers studies of enzymes that degrade nucleic acids, the structure of transfer RNA and its role in protein synthesis, and the author's work on the elucidation of the genetic code. Finally, there are descriptions of the studies on biological membranes and the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin, a biological proton pump. These studies elucidated the mechanism of proton translocation, which is central to bioenergetics.


Medical Biochemistry

by Bhagavan, N. V. [2002-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

Thoroughly updated and in a new two-color format, this well- respected text presents the fundamentals of biochemistry and related topics to students pursuing a one- or two-semester course in pre-med biochemistry or medical programs. The second edition is equally applicable to other health-related fields such as clinical chemistry, medical technology or pharmacology. Medical Biochemistry, Fourth Edition, focuses on the foundations and clinically relevant applications of normal human biochemistry and pathology. Abundantly illustrated with four-color plates.Revised chapters on molecular biology reflect the latest research in the fieldTwo color throughout with four color platesReference quality appendices include practical information on clinical lab parameters used to diagnose a range of diseases


Physical Biology: From Atoms To Medicine

by Zewail, Ahmed H. [2008-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

This is an avant-garde book edited by Nobel Laureate Ahmed Zewail with contributions from eminent scientists including four Nobel prize winners. The perspectives of these world leaders in physics, chemistry, and biology define potential new frontiers at the interface of disciplines and including physical, systems, and synthetic biology.This book brings about the confluence of concepts and tools, and that of different disciplines, to address significant problems of our time: visualization; theory and computation for complexity; macromolecular function, protein folding and misfolding; and systems integration from cells to consciousness. The scope of tools is wide-ranging, spanning imaging, crystallography, microfluidics, single-molecule spectroscopy, and synthetic probe targeting. Concepts such as dynamic self-assembly, molecular recognition, non-canonical amino acids, and others are covered in various chapters as they are cornerstones in building the trilogy description of behavior-structure, dynamics, and function.The volume is uniquely structured to provide overviews with historical perspectives on the evolution of ideas and on the future of physical biology and biological complexity, from atoms to medicine.


eBook

pages unknown

Progress in Physical Chemistry is a collection of recent »Review Articles« published in the »Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie«. The third volume of the series'Progress in Physical Chemistry'comprises 27 articles, most of them with review character, written by the members of the Priority Program (SPP) 1145 of the German Research Foundation (DFG).


eBook

pages unknown

This new book examines information regarding the influence of Ichfan-10 and Phenozan on the content of two apoptotic proteins in the blood and the spleen of mice. Particular attention is placed on the perspectives of different types of polymer nanocomposite applications as engineering materials; structural analysis of nanocomposites polymer/organoclay microhardness; disturbance of oxidative homeostasis in blood of patients with mental diseases; quenching of SYBRGreen fluorescence on DNA matrix by Au nanoparticles; biodegradation of the films of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate and its blends in soil and water and biodegradable polymer composites based on polyolefin and natural polymers. (Imprint: Nova Press)


What Is Life? : How Chemistry Becomes Biology

by Pross, Addy [2012-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

Seventy years ago, Erwin Schrödinger posed a profound question:'What is life, and how did it emerge from non-life?'This problem has puzzled biologists and physical scientists ever since. Living things are hugely complex and have unique properties, such as self-maintenance and apparently purposeful behaviour which we do not see in inert matter. So how does chemistry give rise to biology? What could have led the first replicating molecules up such a path? Now, developments in the emerging field of'systems chemistry'are unlocking the problem. Addy Pross shows how the different kind of stability that operates among replicating molecules results in a tendency for chemical systems to become more complex and acquire the properties of life. Strikingly, he demonstrates that Darwinian evolution is the biological expression of a deeper, well-defined chemical concept: the whole story from replicating molecules to complex life is one continuous process governed by an underlying physical principle. The gulf between biology and the physical sciences is finally becoming bridged. This new edition includes an Epilogue describing developments in the concepts of fundamental forms of stability discussed in the book, and their profound implications. Oxford Landmark Science books are'must-read'classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.


Biochemistry of Foods

by Eskin, N.A. Michael, Shahidi, Fereidoon [2012-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

This bestselling reference bridges the gap between the introductory and highly specialized books dealing with aspects of food biochemistry for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and professionals in the fi elds of food science, horticulture, animal science, dairy science and cereal chemistry. Now fully revised and updated, with contributing authors from around the world, the third edition of Biochemistry of Foods once again presents the most current science available. The first section addresses the biochemical changes involved in the development of raw foods such as cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables, milk, and eggs. Section II reviews the processing of foods such as brewing, cheese and yogurt, oilseed processing as well as the role of non-enzymatic browning. Section III on spoilage includes a comprehensive review of enzymatic browning, lipid oxidation and milk off-flavors. The final section covers the new and rapidly expanding area of rDNA technologies. This book provides transitional coverage that moves the reader from concept to application.Features new chapters on rDNA technologies, legumes, eggs, oilseed processing and fat modification, and lipid oxidationOffers expanded and updated material throughout, including valuable illustrationsEdited and authored by award-winning scientists


Biochemistry and Biotechnology : Research and Development

by Krylova, L., Zaikov, G. E., Varfolomeev, Sergeĭ Dmitrievich [2012-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

This book presents current research in the fields of biochemistry and biotechnology. Topics discussed include information about the production of thermostable DNA polymerase suitable for whole-blood polymerase chain reaction; isolation, purification and some properties of L-Lysine ƒ¿-Oxidase from Trichoderm„p sp. 6; production of nitric oxide by endothelial cells infected with herpes simplex virus type 1; optimization of the process of cultivation of recombinant Escherichia coli TBI protein producing strain; development of HRP-functionalized carbon-coated iron nanoparticales using arenediazonium tosilates; experimental approach to the induction of nonculturable state of Lactococcus lactis and callus culture technology of spring soft wheat stress tolerant varieties. (Imprint: Nova)


eBook

pages unknown

'A festschrift in honor of the 75th birthday of professor Gennady E. Zaikov'--V. 4, cover.



Biological Aspects of Human Health and Well-being

by Shartava, Tsisana [2011-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

This book presents and discusses current research in the field of biology, with a particular emphasis on biological factors and their role in health and well-being. Topics discussed include the biotechnology of cyanobacteria; the reasons why glucose is the principal source of energy for living beings; post-transcriptional effects of estrogen on gene expression; sialylation mechanism in bacteria and the evolution biology of health and disease clinical medicine from a Darwinian perspective. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical Press)


La chimie et le sport

by Berthoz, A. [2011-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

Débattre sur les rapports entre chimie et sport illustre l'extrême diversité de la chimie : on y sollicite autant la chimie moléculaire que la chimie des matériaux. Dans le sport, c'est tout l'individu qui mobilise ses possibilités : le cerveau qui concentre toutes les volontés vers le but recherché, déclenche les bonnes décisions et commande la succession des efforts, les muscles qui adaptent leurs réponses en optimisant leur coordination, clé des performances. Et tous ces processus s'analysent en termes de molécules et de mécanismes biochimiques qu'il faut comprendre pour définir ensuite les conditions optimum de l'entraînement des sportifs, les excès à éviter, traquer les mauvaises pratiques du dopage. Dans un domaine différent, la chimie des matériaux n'est pas moins importante pour l'activité sportive. C'est l'expérience de tous : les progrès des vêtements spécifiques, du matériel (skis,raquettes de tennis, revêtements de sols) ont transformé la pratique du sport – pour le plus grand bénéfice des records, mais aussi du praticien amateur. Les retombées de ces progrès techniques sur les objets de notre vie quotidienne, comme sur la mode ou sur l'amélioration de nos voitures grâce à la F1, sont bien connues. Loin de n'être qu'une activité ludique, facteur du bien-être physique et mental, le sport est un véritable révélateur de la quête du « toujours mieux » qui caractérise l'humanité. L'analyse de la progression des performances sur la longue durée montre de façon impressionnante la symbiose entre deux approches a priori si distinctes : progression régulière par une meilleure maitrise du corps, progrès discontinus par les innovations technologiques. Dans les deux domaines, c'est la chimie qu'il faut convoquer ; on ne s'étonnera donc pas que le sportif qui s'attache à déborder des limites « naturelles » rencontre la chimie dont c'est aussi l'objectif constant.


Fermentation : Vital or Chemical Process?

by Fruton, Joseph S. [2006-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

Human knowledge of the conversion of grape must into wine and of cereal dough into bread is as old as agriculture. This book is a study of the ways this phenomenon (fermentation) has been considered since Aristotle to be analogous to natural processes such as human digestion. During 1200-1600 A.D., alchemists wrote'ferments'or'elixirs'that could turn lead into gold. A century later, in Newton's time, many physicians and natural philosophers considered fermentation to be an important natural process. The 18th century was marked by Lavoisier's celebrated experiment on alcoholic fermentation. The 19th-century debate about the nature of this process was concluded by Buchner's preparation of a active cell-free yeast extract. During 1910-1940, many researchers participated in the identification of the chemical intermediates and catalysts in the multi-enzyme pathway of alcoholic fermentation.


Ligands, Polymers, and Amino Acids

by Shartava, Tsisana [2011-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

This book presents and discusses a variety of research done in the field of biochemistry, with a particular focus on ligands, polymers and amino acids. Topics discussed include G-Quadruplex Ligands and the evaluation of a synthetic biomimetic ligand used for the purification of therapeutic proteins; phytoestrogens biochemical aspects and biological activities; increase in amino acids and ammonia during liquefaction of semen; the structure of inhibitor polymers and prebiosis with fermentable carbohydrates in pig nutrition. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical Press)


Mémento technique à l'usage des biologistes et biochimistes

by Marouf, Abderrazak, Tremblin, Gérard [2013-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

L'ouvrage (livre + site web) répond aux questions que se posent ceux qui pratiquent concrètement la chimie du vivant. Les deux premières parties présentent sous forme de glossaire les concepts et les termes techniques d'une part, les appareils et instruments utilisés d'autre part. La troisième partie est une véritable banque de recettes pour l'utilisation des réactifs utilisés lors d'analyses. En outre, les annexes de l'ouvrage et le site web associé (en libre accès) complètent ce « couteau suisse » de l'expérimentateur : unités utilisées dans les appareillages, bibliographie, synonymes et acronymes français et anglais des produits chimiques, caractéristiques des corps chimiques utilisés, utilisations courantes et dangerosité… Bien sûr, la couverture a été réalisée pour résister à quelques produits corrosifs… Le public, large, est celui des expérimentateurs en chimie du vivant : les techniciens et ingénieurs de la recherche et de l'entreprise, les étudiants des divers niveaux (BTS, IUT, Licence, Master de biochimie et biotechnologie, thésards), les enseignants, les chercheurs…


Biochemical and Biological Effects of Organotins

by Pagliarani, Alessandra, Ventrella, Vittoria, Trombetti, Fabiana [2012-01-01]

eBook

pages unknown

Organotins are widespread contaminants especially of water environments. Their chemically versatile structure makes organotin compounds able to bind to a variety of biomolecules thus widely affecting biological functions. Trisubstituted molecules, namely tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPhT), have been widely employed in antifouling paints and are also exploited as plastic stabilizers that unfortunately cause harmful biological effects. Persistent bioaccumulation has resulted in organotins becoming a significant environmental threat. Chapter by chapter, the biological and biochemical effects of organotins are unravelled in this e-book by a careful analysis of the most recent findings with special focus on contaminant action mechanisms at cellular and molecular level. The e-book provides an intriguing insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in organotin toxicology thus serving as a useful reference to biochemists, biologists, ecotoxicologists and life science students.


CHAPTER 1: Introduction.

No author [2004-01-01]

Book

pages 18

Chapter 1 of the book "Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence" is presented. It explores the development of biochemical action of psychoactive substances and contribute insights on how people use them. It also discusses the uses of these substances, which include medicinal usage, illegal usage, and legal use for whatever purpose the consumer chooses.